ISSN(Print): 2709-9636 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-9644 | ISSN-L : 2709-9636

(2021) Volume 2, Issue 2

Dream State in Urdu Novel and interpretation of Human Llife

Authors:
  1. Adnan Mahmood Siddiqi
  2. Dr. Muhammad Afzal Butt
Abstract: This article underlines the significance of classic literature in contemporary world literature, Concept of dream in Urdu Novel. The relationship of dream with human life and also explain background of the concept of dream and its effects and importance in human life
Keyswords: classic literature, concept of dream, relationship of dream with human life
Pages: 1-6
Article: 1 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)1
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)1
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Importance of Urdu Language....In the current context

Authors:
  1. Rubina Yasmin
  2. Asad Mehmood Khan
Abstract: Urdu language is the identity, symbol and biggest memorandum of our national and Islamic tradition. It is the trustee of our identity because it rich literature, culture and historical background. Urdu language has proved its importance because of its harmony and vastness. There is no doubt it is world wide popular language, but unfortunately it has not achieved the status that it deserve in their own country Pakistan. Urdu priority is given to English. In this situation we need to consider the due status of our national language that is sign of our identity. In following article enlighted the importance of Urdu
Keyswords: Memorandum, Trustee, Literature, Historical Background, Vastness, Popular Language, National Language
Pages: 7-18
Article: 2 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)2
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)2
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Main Liberal Feministic Approaches in Gul Nar Afareen’s Poetry

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Rafiq
  2. Dr. Naheed Rehman
Abstract: The article covers fundamental ideas of Liberal Feminism that have been depicted by Urdu Poetess namely Gul Naar Aafreen. She has been impressed by the concepts of political autonomy and freedom. She has reflected Feminist problems such as Honor killing, Economic, Legal, Political and social rights of Pakistani women, who have been fallen victim to terrorism, Social oppression, Gender differences, Social stereotypes and Old customs
Keyswords: Feminist Individualism, Political Autonomy, Honor Killing, Liberal Feminism, Oppression, Stereotypes
Pages: 19-36
Article: 3 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)3
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)3
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Impacts of Hassan Askari on Urdu Criticism

Authors:
  1. Ghulam Abbas
Abstract: Muhammad Hassan Askri is one of the key figures in Urdu literature. He cannot be ignored even in Urdu criticism. His criticism is a noble example of unusual critical insights and profound literary taste of twentyth century. His sphere of critical insights is noteworthy. He always opens new ways of discussion in the issues whether cultural or mystic, poetry or philosophy, art or literature and even in music. In this way, he has provided new information to new generation. His criticism influences the readers to the depth. His perceptions kept on changing and this has been considered as positive and accepted. So we can find the reaction of thoughts in his criticism. It is also true that the works against or in favour of his work is more than his original work. In this article views of a few leading and influential critics who subjected his scope of ideas, have been discussed
Keyswords: Urdu Literature, Criticism, Insights, Literary, Discussion, Cultural, Mystic, Philosophy
Pages: 37-52
Article: 4 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)4
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)4
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Changes of Sounds: A Review (In the context of Urdu Linguistics)

Authors:
  1. Mr. Haroon
  2. Dr. Muhammad Arshad Ovaisi
Abstract: With the passage of time some words(sounds)may be replaced with other words(sounds).It may be said that some words(sonds) may be extinct from any language and new words(sounds) can be coined for their replacement.This type of change is common in all major languages of the world.It is of no consequence that Urdu has been accepting these changes to tackle the challenges of modern linguistic world .In this research article an effort has been made to explain some rules of change in sounds of some words.These words have been travelled a long journey to reach present place and status.A variety of cultures and social norms also affect the language and cause to remix some sounds.These changes are a basic and important cause of expansion in all the major languages of the world.Some changes are taken place under some specific rules and some changes are beyond any rule.
Keyswords: Coined, Tackle, Linguistics, Rules, Variety, Expansion, Cause, Specific, Sounds
Pages: 53-62
Article: 5 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)5
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)5
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The First imprint of Yousufi’s magic: “CHIRAG TALEY“

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Shahbaz
Abstract: In certain respects, Mushtaq Ahmad Yousufi’s name stands apart from his contemporaries as far as tradition of Urdu humour and satire is concerned. A ready proof of it is the fact that with publication of his maiden effort, “Chirag Taley” he gained attention of readers which has held ever since. Without a doubt the aforementioned writing of Yousufi is a credible and cherished asset of Urdu literature. In this article the writer has tried to decipher from a critical and research perspective, and analysis of Yousufi’s“Chirag Taley
Keyswords: Mushtaq Ahmad Yousufi, Chirag Taley, Satire and Humor, Self directed humor, Essay, Sketch
Pages: 63-80
Article: 6 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)6
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)6
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Discussion on Culture, Civilization and Civic: Research And Critical Review

Authors:
  1. Dr. Tariq Javed
Abstract: This paper endeavors to identify the culture, civilization civic and antique or archaic through a comparative study. To achieve this end, not only have the views of researchers and historians been consulted but the fundamentals and principles of linguistics and cultural study have also been taken into account. Our scholars have not displayed a seriousness in distinguishing between culture and civilization in their work prior to this dissertation. They treated culture and civilization synonymous to one another on occasions and sometimes denoted the two by using a single term for both. Some writers used culture and other civilization to describe the same phenomenon and no one tried to explain distinct domains of the two. The writers of this particular piece have removed the ambiguity of the two phenomenon by delineating the limits and boundaries of culture and civilization with the help of qualitative study and content analysis. The study identifies the following major differences among the culture, civilization and the antique, while culture is the part of a whole called civilization, the former is generally used in a limited sense and latter in expensive meanings. The journey of civic starts with culture and finally culminates after travelling through centuries in to civilization, when a natural catastrophe wipes civilization off the face earth, it leaves behind many evidences of its existence which are called artifacts or antiquates.
Keyswords: Culture, Civilazation, Journey, Evidences, Antique, Occasions
Pages: 81-89
Article: 7 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)7
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)7
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"Non-Military Column" Humor and Brigadier Solat Raza

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Ismail
  2. Prof. Dr. Rubina Rafiq
Abstract: Brigadier Solat Raza served in Pakistan Army near about 30 years. During his services he faced a lot of ups and downs in life. He has a prominent place among the military humorists. Recently, his book namely “Ghair Fuji Kalam” came into market, which is consisted of on 50 articles. He wrote humor in very different styles. In his humor, he evokes the problems of the society and troops. He has also a keen observation on politics and the country’s condition, and his book, “Ghair Fuji Kalam” reflects his observations. He used very simple, plan and awesome sentances in his humor. Basically, his purpose of writing is to reform the society and people. He did’nt criticize to someone’s respect, or value. He picks up the important issues in his humorist articles, which are very necessary to everyone
Keyswords: Pakistan Army, Prominent, Military, Humorists, Society
Pages: 90-98
Article: 8 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)8
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)8
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Fartash Syed: Representative of Neeli Baar Ghazal lyricist Poet

Authors:
  1. Samreen Kanwal
  2. Dr. Atta ur Rehman
Abstract: Poetry is an expression of a passionate desire to play flute with broken lips. Fartash is a good communicator that`s why his poetry through the mutual consultation of the heart and mind, which why his poetry knocks on reade`s heart and mind. Dr.Fartash's poetry is meaningful and precise; his expressions are clear and accurate. It is important to maintain a balance between form and substance; His couplets show a classical predilection for the typical themes of Urdu ghazal. These themes apparently appear familiar and simple, call for special poetic skills in terms of language. They require precision, brevity, careful phrasing and clarity of thoughts and expression. Fartash, in the case of appli .cation of themes, language, terminologies and expressions relates himself to Meer Taqi Meer, Mirza Ghalib, Meer Anees and Joun Ellia. Owing to his poetic contents, he is a representative poet of Neeli Baar.
Keyswords: Neeli Baar, Urdu ghazal, broken lips, expressions, classical predilection, poetic contents
Pages: 99-108
Article: 9 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)9
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)9
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Iqbal’s Educational Views and New Generation

Authors:
  1. Dr. Sabina Awais
Abstract: Iqbal was a philosophical poet, writer, researcher and educationist. He occupies the position of a bright guiding star, a sparking light house and a monument in our literary history. Iqbal’s thoughts have left a deep impression on the recent national history. He was also the economist and educationist. He wanted to introduce a separate and an Islamic educational system. The concept of ontology, epistemology, axiology, ego, women education, teaching methodology, curriculum, and character of teacher and development of young Muslims have been taken covered by Iqbal’s thoughts. The effects of these concepts are also prominent in his poetry. The Present day, particularly the Muslims will again have to embrace the responsibility of moral and ethical training through which our aspirations will determine our directions. This article is an effort to study these concepts as well as to evaluate the educational scenarios of Iqbal’s era
Keyswords: Philosophical Poet, Islamic Educational System, Women Education, Modern and Ethical Training
Pages: 109-118
Article: 10 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)10
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)10
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Anwar Sajjad... The First Image of Mmodern Novels (In the context of "Khushion Ka Bagh")

Authors:
  1. Aqsa Amir
  2. Dr. Muhammad Alam Khan
Abstract: Anwar Sajjad was renowned fiction writer in Urdu Literatue. He is considered trend setter in the Urdu short stories as well as Urdu Noval writer. In this essay, his famous noval “Khushion Ka Bagh” is being discussed in the perspective of modern fiction the traditiona modern fiction and it is elaborated that how milestone in the history of noval writing. It is also analysed the roal of Dr. Anwar Sajjad to create a new trend in the history of literature.
Keyswords: Renowed, Fiction, Urdu Literature, Trend, Short Stories
Pages: 119-130
Article: 11 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)11
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)11
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Maulana Zafar Ali Khan's prison writings & "Sitara-e-Subah

Authors:
  1. Dr. M. Ajmal Danish
  2. Dr. Irfan Tauheed
  3. Javed Iqbal
Abstract: Mulana Zafar Ali Khan is considered one of the distinguished Indian personalities of 20th century. During his whole life he served the literature and adopted journalism as a profession. He was inconsistent but he had God gifted ability of writing and poetry. He practically participated in politics and had to go to through the torture of prison. But he carried on his literal activities during prison which added valuable prosaic and poetic creations in Urdu literature. In this essay we are going to discuss about his prison life shortly and try to analyze his created prison literature. Undoubtedly, Molana Zafar Ali Khan was a great intellectual, poet, journalist and translator. "Sitar-e-Subhu" is an remarkable literally journal published and edited by Molana Zafar Ali Khan during his house arrest."
Keyswords: Indian, Persolities, Served, Literature, Journalism, Profession
Pages: 131-151
Article: 12 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)12
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)12
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Analytical Study of the Concepts and Trends of Iqbal’s Sermons

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Shoukat Ali
  2. Dr. Atta ur Rehman Meo
Abstract: This article presents an analytical study of the concepts and trends of Iqbal’s sermons. Iqbal’s sermons have made it easier to understand Iqbal’s thought in prose. The study of these sermons reveals various aspects of Iqbal are thought. “Iqbal’s Sermons” makes it possible to access important sources of Iqbal’s consciousness, mental, psychological, religious and philosophical ideas. Here is a research and critical review of important works in the context of Iqbal’s sermons. These writings have tried to highlight Iqbal’s sermons in common, comprehensible, easy and simple Urdu language. These sermons were Iqbal’s intellectual masterpieces. In his sermons, he presented the study of Islam and modern philosophy of science in a comparatively analytical manner. The sermons try to bring together the comparative, harmonious trends of philosophy, religion and science. The sermons describe the logical, philosophical, wise, religious, psychological, social and scientific way of thinking in a scientific way. The study of Iqbal’s sermons is very important to understand the nature and meaning of Iqbal’s thought. In the article under review, the nature and meaning of the sermons as well as the important sources have been reviewed.
Keyswords: Iqbal’s sermons, Analytical study, Comprehensible, Harmonious, Comparative, Religious, Reviewed
Pages: 151-160
Article: 13 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)13
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)13
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Symbolic Ideality of Intazar Hussain’s Short Stories

Authors:
  1. Rizwana Naqvi
  2. Dr. Sajid Javeed
Abstract: Intazar Hussain is a renowned short story writer in Urdu literature. In Urdu literature his writtings are at the vantage among great writers and their asset.His masterliness appears in his metaphorical and symbolic style of writing. His writings demand spacious study and deep view from his readers for its connoisseurship.His short stories emerge in simple incient narrative mode but holds a world of symbols and metaphors which can’t be controlled by common reader, therefore his art is particular and demands the mettle for its perception. His short stories specially presents four types of literary aspects, 1st social photography, 2nd romanticism and secularism where he narrats the stories about the declination of human and society, 3rd social and political issues and 4th aspect of his art is psychological where he discovers the human instinct and present it in diverse colours. Trough this article i have tried to enlighten his symbolic style of writing which confront in various forms.
Keyswords: Metaphorical, symbolism, particular art, social photography, romanticism, psychological aspects
Pages: 161-172
Article: 14 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)14
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)14
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Feminism and Modern Urdu Poetess

Authors:
  1. Dr. Nazia Younis
Abstract: Urdu literature has a rich and prestigious tradition of poetery. The contribution of poetess is a great contribution in this tradition. The discision of Feminism is somehow new and relevant in the literary circles. The outstanding and exemplary role of Urdu poetess is a fantastic job. It is necessary to highlight the services of those poetess, who are currently working for this case. This article has a aim to bring to light their introduction and their services in this regard. The modern Urdu poetess played a vital role in the movement of feminism in the India and as well as in Pakistan
Keyswords: Feminism, Urdu poetess, introduction, visions, Contributions, Research Articles, Women, Literature
Pages: 173-183
Article: 15 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)15
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)15
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Iqbal's Thoughts in the Light of Quraan

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Azam
  2. Dr. Irshad Begum
  3. Dr. Zeenat Afshan
Abstract: Allama Iqbal is a philosopher cum poet. His teachings are useful for humanity till now after passing a century. The Quran played a vital role in shaping his philosophy. His thoughts and teaching cannot be obsolete because he gets the light from the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him). Iqbal not only gets inspiration from the Holy Quran but also suggests his readers to get the light from the Holy Book. He wrote many verses in his Urdu and Persian poetry about the Quran. He also wrote letters to his friends about the inspiration of Quran. He is of the view that Muslims can regain their great status if they act upon on the Quran teachings. In this article a detailed review has been taken how the Quran shaped his intellectual and mental evolution. A detailed analysis has also been taken about his basic concept "Khudi" in the light of the Quran.
Keyswords: Quran, Muhammad, prophet, Iqbal, Thoughts, Evolution, Self, Poetry
Pages: 184-191
Article: 16 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)16
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)16
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State and Iqbal

Authors:
  1. Rabia Shabbir Ahmad
  2. Prof. Dr. Shahid Iqbal Kamran
Abstract: Allama Iqbal is a philosopher cum poet. His teachings are useful for humanity till now after passing a century. The Quran played a vital role in shaping his philosophy. His thoughts and teaching cannot be obsolete because he gets the light from the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him). Iqbal not only gets inspiration from the Holy Quran but also suggests his readers to get the light from the Holy Book. He wrote many verses in his Urdu and Persian poetry about the Quran. He also wrote letters to his friends about the inspiration of Quran. He is of the view that Muslims can regain their great status if they act upon on the Quran teachings. In this article a detailed review has been taken how the Quran shaped his intellectual and mental evolution. A detailed analysis has also been taken about his basic concept "Khudi" in the light of the Quran.
Keyswords: State, Muslim state, political ideology, political movement, religious movement, revolution
Pages: 192-202
Article: 17 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)17
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)17
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A Critical analysis of "Mantiq Ul Tair Jadeed

Authors:
  1. Dr. Rehana Kausar
  2. Dr. Shaista Hameed Khan
Abstract: Mustansar Hussain Tarar is known as an important figure in Urdu literature and performed mentionable services in the field of column writing, novels and travelogues. In this article an analytical study of the "Mantiq Ul Tair Jadeed" has been made. In fact this is based upon the long poem of Khawaja Fareed Ud Din Attar with an addition of "Jadeed" (Modern). Tarar has pointed out relation of different social, cultural and religious issues of our society. This is sincere call for the development of human unity, natural love, patience and cooperation which are the major issues of our country. All these topics are highlighted in this writing.
Keyswords: Urdu Literature Performed, Travelogues, Analytica, Social Culture, Society
Pages: 203-209
Article: 18 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)18
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)18
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