ISSN(Print): 2709-9636 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-9644 | ISSN-L : 2709-9636

(2021) Volume 2, Issue 2

Dream State in Urdu Novel and interpretation of Human Llife

Authors:
  1. Adnan Mahmood Siddiqi
  2. Dr. Muhammad Afzal Butt
Abstract: This article underlines the significance of classic literature in contemporary world literature, Concept of dream in Urdu Novel. The relationship of dream with human life and also explain background of the concept of dream and its effects and importance in human life
Keyswords: classic literature, concept of dream, relationship of dream with human life
Pages: 1-6
Article: 1 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)1
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)1
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Importance of Urdu Language....In the current context

Authors:
  1. Rubina Yasmin
  2. Asad Mehmood Khan
Abstract: Urdu language is the identity, symbol and biggest memorandum of our national and Islamic tradition. It is the trustee of our identity because it rich literature, culture and historical background. Urdu language has proved its importance because of its harmony and vastness. There is no doubt it is world wide popular language, but unfortunately it has not achieved the status that it deserve in their own country Pakistan. Urdu priority is given to English. In this situation we need to consider the due status of our national language that is sign of our identity. In following article enlighted the importance of Urdu
Keyswords: Memorandum, Trustee, Literature, Historical Background, Vastness, Popular Language, National Language
Pages: 7-18
Article: 2 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)2
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)2
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Main Liberal Feministic Approaches in Gul Nar Afareen’s Poetry

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Rafiq
  2. Dr. Naheed Rehman
Abstract: The article covers fundamental ideas of Liberal Feminism that have been depicted by Urdu Poetess namely Gul Naar Aafreen. She has been impressed by the concepts of political autonomy and freedom. She has reflected Feminist problems such as Honor killing, Economic, Legal, Political and social rights of Pakistani women, who have been fallen victim to terrorism, Social oppression, Gender differences, Social stereotypes and Old customs
Keyswords: Feminist Individualism, Political Autonomy, Honor Killing, Liberal Feminism, Oppression, Stereotypes
Pages: 19-36
Article: 3 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)3
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)3
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Impacts of Hassan Askari on Urdu Criticism

Authors:
  1. Ghulam Abbas
Abstract: Muhammad Hassan Askri is one of the key figures in Urdu literature. He cannot be ignored even in Urdu criticism. His criticism is a noble example of unusual critical insights and profound literary taste of twentyth century. His sphere of critical insights is noteworthy. He always opens new ways of discussion in the issues whether cultural or mystic, poetry or philosophy, art or literature and even in music. In this way, he has provided new information to new generation. His criticism influences the readers to the depth. His perceptions kept on changing and this has been considered as positive and accepted. So we can find the reaction of thoughts in his criticism. It is also true that the works against or in favour of his work is more than his original work. In this article views of a few leading and influential critics who subjected his scope of ideas, have been discussed
Keyswords: Urdu Literature, Criticism, Insights, Literary, Discussion, Cultural, Mystic, Philosophy
Pages: 37-52
Article: 4 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)4
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)4
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Changes of Sounds: A Review (In the context of Urdu Linguistics)

Authors:
  1. Mr. Haroon
  2. Dr. Muhammad Arshad Ovaisi
Abstract: With the passage of time some words(sounds)may be replaced with other words(sounds).It may be said that some words(sonds) may be extinct from any language and new words(sounds) can be coined for their replacement.This type of change is common in all major languages of the world.It is of no consequence that Urdu has been accepting these changes to tackle the challenges of modern linguistic world .In this research article an effort has been made to explain some rules of change in sounds of some words.These words have been travelled a long journey to reach present place and status.A variety of cultures and social norms also affect the language and cause to remix some sounds.These changes are a basic and important cause of expansion in all the major languages of the world.Some changes are taken place under some specific rules and some changes are beyond any rule.
Keyswords: Coined, Tackle, Linguistics, Rules, Variety, Expansion, Cause, Specific, Sounds
Pages: 53-62
Article: 5 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)5
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)5
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The First imprint of Yousufi’s magic: “CHIRAG TALEY“

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Shahbaz
Abstract: In certain respects, Mushtaq Ahmad Yousufi’s name stands apart from his contemporaries as far as tradition of Urdu humour and satire is concerned. A ready proof of it is the fact that with publication of his maiden effort, “Chirag Taley” he gained attention of readers which has held ever since. Without a doubt the aforementioned writing of Yousufi is a credible and cherished asset of Urdu literature. In this article the writer has tried to decipher from a critical and research perspective, and analysis of Yousufi’s“Chirag Taley
Keyswords: Mushtaq Ahmad Yousufi, Chirag Taley, Satire and Humor, Self directed humor, Essay, Sketch
Pages: 63-80
Article: 6 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)6
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)6
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Discussion on Culture, Civilization and Civic: Research And Critical Review

Authors:
  1. Dr. Tariq Javed
Abstract: This paper endeavors to identify the culture, civilization civic and antique or archaic through a comparative study. To achieve this end, not only have the views of researchers and historians been consulted but the fundamentals and principles of linguistics and cultural study have also been taken into account. Our scholars have not displayed a seriousness in distinguishing between culture and civilization in their work prior to this dissertation. They treated culture and civilization synonymous to one another on occasions and sometimes denoted the two by using a single term for both. Some writers used culture and other civilization to describe the same phenomenon and no one tried to explain distinct domains of the two. The writers of this particular piece have removed the ambiguity of the two phenomenon by delineating the limits and boundaries of culture and civilization with the help of qualitative study and content analysis. The study identifies the following major differences among the culture, civilization and the antique, while culture is the part of a whole called civilization, the former is generally used in a limited sense and latter in expensive meanings. The journey of civic starts with culture and finally culminates after travelling through centuries in to civilization, when a natural catastrophe wipes civilization off the face earth, it leaves behind many evidences of its existence which are called artifacts or antiquates.
Keyswords: Culture, Civilazation, Journey, Evidences, Antique, Occasions
Pages: 81-89
Article: 7 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)7
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)7
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"Non-Military Column" Humor and Brigadier Solat Raza

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Ismail
  2. Prof. Dr. Rubina Rafiq
Abstract: Brigadier Solat Raza served in Pakistan Army near about 30 years. During his services he faced a lot of ups and downs in life. He has a prominent place among the military humorists. Recently, his book namely “Ghair Fuji Kalam” came into market, which is consisted of on 50 articles. He wrote humor in very different styles. In his humor, he evokes the problems of the society and troops. He has also a keen observation on politics and the country’s condition, and his book, “Ghair Fuji Kalam” reflects his observations. He used very simple, plan and awesome sentances in his humor. Basically, his purpose of writing is to reform the society and people. He did’nt criticize to someone’s respect, or value. He picks up the important issues in his humorist articles, which are very necessary to everyone
Keyswords: Pakistan Army, Prominent, Military, Humorists, Society
Pages: 90-98
Article: 8 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)8
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)8
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Fartash Syed: Representative of Neeli Baar Ghazal lyricist Poet

Authors:
  1. Samreen Kanwal
  2. Dr. Atta ur Rehman
Abstract: Poetry is an expression of a passionate desire to play flute with broken lips. Fartash is a good communicator that`s why his poetry through the mutual consultation of the heart and mind, which why his poetry knocks on reade`s heart and mind. Dr.Fartash's poetry is meaningful and precise; his expressions are clear and accurate. It is important to maintain a balance between form and substance; His couplets show a classical predilection for the typical themes of Urdu ghazal. These themes apparently appear familiar and simple, call for special poetic skills in terms of language. They require precision, brevity, careful phrasing and clarity of thoughts and expression. Fartash, in the case of appli .cation of themes, language, terminologies and expressions relates himself to Meer Taqi Meer, Mirza Ghalib, Meer Anees and Joun Ellia. Owing to his poetic contents, he is a representative poet of Neeli Baar.
Keyswords: Neeli Baar, Urdu ghazal, broken lips, expressions, classical predilection, poetic contents
Pages: 99-108
Article: 9 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)9
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)9
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Iqbal’s Educational Views and New Generation

Authors:
  1. Dr. Sabina Awais
Abstract: Iqbal was a philosophical poet, writer, researcher and educationist. He occupies the position of a bright guiding star, a sparking light house and a monument in our literary history. Iqbal’s thoughts have left a deep impression on the recent national history. He was also the economist and educationist. He wanted to introduce a separate and an Islamic educational system. The concept of ontology, epistemology, axiology, ego, women education, teaching methodology, curriculum, and character of teacher and development of young Muslims have been taken covered by Iqbal’s thoughts. The effects of these concepts are also prominent in his poetry. The Present day, particularly the Muslims will again have to embrace the responsibility of moral and ethical training through which our aspirations will determine our directions. This article is an effort to study these concepts as well as to evaluate the educational scenarios of Iqbal’s era
Keyswords: Philosophical Poet, Islamic Educational System, Women Education, Modern and Ethical Training
Pages: 109-118
Article: 10 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)10
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)10
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Anwar Sajjad... The First Image of Mmodern Novels (In the context of "Khushion Ka Bagh")

Authors:
  1. Aqsa Amir
  2. Dr. Muhammad Alam Khan
Abstract: Anwar Sajjad was renowned fiction writer in Urdu Literatue. He is considered trend setter in the Urdu short stories as well as Urdu Noval writer. In this essay, his famous noval “Khushion Ka Bagh” is being discussed in the perspective of modern fiction the traditiona modern fiction and it is elaborated that how milestone in the history of noval writing. It is also analysed the roal of Dr. Anwar Sajjad to create a new trend in the history of literature.
Keyswords: Renowed, Fiction, Urdu Literature, Trend, Short Stories
Pages: 119-130
Article: 11 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)11
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)11
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Maulana Zafar Ali Khan's prison writings & "Sitara-e-Subah

Authors:
  1. Dr. M. Ajmal Danish
  2. Dr. Irfan Tauheed
  3. Javed Iqbal
Abstract: Mulana Zafar Ali Khan is considered one of the distinguished Indian personalities of 20th century. During his whole life he served the literature and adopted journalism as a profession. He was inconsistent but he had God gifted ability of writing and poetry. He practically participated in politics and had to go to through the torture of prison. But he carried on his literal activities during prison which added valuable prosaic and poetic creations in Urdu literature. In this essay we are going to discuss about his prison life shortly and try to analyze his created prison literature. Undoubtedly, Molana Zafar Ali Khan was a great intellectual, poet, journalist and translator. "Sitar-e-Subhu" is an remarkable literally journal published and edited by Molana Zafar Ali Khan during his house arrest."
Keyswords: Indian, Persolities, Served, Literature, Journalism, Profession
Pages: 131-151
Article: 12 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)12
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)12
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Analytical Study of the Concepts and Trends of Iqbal’s Sermons

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Shoukat Ali
  2. Dr. Atta ur Rehman Meo
Abstract: This article presents an analytical study of the concepts and trends of Iqbal’s sermons. Iqbal’s sermons have made it easier to understand Iqbal’s thought in prose. The study of these sermons reveals various aspects of Iqbal are thought. “Iqbal’s Sermons” makes it possible to access important sources of Iqbal’s consciousness, mental, psychological, religious and philosophical ideas. Here is a research and critical review of important works in the context of Iqbal’s sermons. These writings have tried to highlight Iqbal’s sermons in common, comprehensible, easy and simple Urdu language. These sermons were Iqbal’s intellectual masterpieces. In his sermons, he presented the study of Islam and modern philosophy of science in a comparatively analytical manner. The sermons try to bring together the comparative, harmonious trends of philosophy, religion and science. The sermons describe the logical, philosophical, wise, religious, psychological, social and scientific way of thinking in a scientific way. The study of Iqbal’s sermons is very important to understand the nature and meaning of Iqbal’s thought. In the article under review, the nature and meaning of the sermons as well as the important sources have been reviewed.
Keyswords: Iqbal’s sermons, Analytical study, Comprehensible, Harmonious, Comparative, Religious, Reviewed
Pages: 151-160
Article: 13 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)13
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)13
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Symbolic Ideality of Intazar Hussain’s Short Stories

Authors:
  1. Rizwana Naqvi
  2. Dr. Sajid Javeed
Abstract: Intazar Hussain is a renowned short story writer in Urdu literature. In Urdu literature his writtings are at the vantage among great writers and their asset.His masterliness appears in his metaphorical and symbolic style of writing. His writings demand spacious study and deep view from his readers for its connoisseurship.His short stories emerge in simple incient narrative mode but holds a world of symbols and metaphors which can’t be controlled by common reader, therefore his art is particular and demands the mettle for its perception. His short stories specially presents four types of literary aspects, 1st social photography, 2nd romanticism and secularism where he narrats the stories about the declination of human and society, 3rd social and political issues and 4th aspect of his art is psychological where he discovers the human instinct and present it in diverse colours. Trough this article i have tried to enlighten his symbolic style of writing which confront in various forms.
Keyswords: Metaphorical, symbolism, particular art, social photography, romanticism, psychological aspects
Pages: 161-172
Article: 14 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)14
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)14
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Feminism and Modern Urdu Poetess

Authors:
  1. Dr. Nazia Younis
Abstract: Urdu literature has a rich and prestigious tradition of poetery. The contribution of poetess is a great contribution in this tradition. The discision of Feminism is somehow new and relevant in the literary circles. The outstanding and exemplary role of Urdu poetess is a fantastic job. It is necessary to highlight the services of those poetess, who are currently working for this case. This article has a aim to bring to light their introduction and their services in this regard. The modern Urdu poetess played a vital role in the movement of feminism in the India and as well as in Pakistan
Keyswords: Feminism, Urdu poetess, introduction, visions, Contributions, Research Articles, Women, Literature
Pages: 173-183
Article: 15 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)15
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)15
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Iqbal's Thoughts in the Light of Quraan

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Azam
  2. Dr. Irshad Begum
  3. Dr. Zeenat Afshan
Abstract: Allama Iqbal is a philosopher cum poet. His teachings are useful for humanity till now after passing a century. The Quran played a vital role in shaping his philosophy. His thoughts and teaching cannot be obsolete because he gets the light from the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him). Iqbal not only gets inspiration from the Holy Quran but also suggests his readers to get the light from the Holy Book. He wrote many verses in his Urdu and Persian poetry about the Quran. He also wrote letters to his friends about the inspiration of Quran. He is of the view that Muslims can regain their great status if they act upon on the Quran teachings. In this article a detailed review has been taken how the Quran shaped his intellectual and mental evolution. A detailed analysis has also been taken about his basic concept "Khudi" in the light of the Quran.
Keyswords: Quran, Muhammad, prophet, Iqbal, Thoughts, Evolution, Self, Poetry
Pages: 184-191
Article: 16 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)16
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)16
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State and Iqbal

Authors:
  1. Rabia Shabbir Ahmad
  2. Prof. Dr. Shahid Iqbal Kamran
Abstract: Allama Iqbal is a philosopher cum poet. His teachings are useful for humanity till now after passing a century. The Quran played a vital role in shaping his philosophy. His thoughts and teaching cannot be obsolete because he gets the light from the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him). Iqbal not only gets inspiration from the Holy Quran but also suggests his readers to get the light from the Holy Book. He wrote many verses in his Urdu and Persian poetry about the Quran. He also wrote letters to his friends about the inspiration of Quran. He is of the view that Muslims can regain their great status if they act upon on the Quran teachings. In this article a detailed review has been taken how the Quran shaped his intellectual and mental evolution. A detailed analysis has also been taken about his basic concept "Khudi" in the light of the Quran.
Keyswords: State, Muslim state, political ideology, political movement, religious movement, revolution
Pages: 192-202
Article: 17 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)17
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)17
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A Critical analysis of "Mantiq Ul Tair Jadeed

Authors:
  1. Dr. Rehana Kausar
  2. Dr. Shaista Hameed Khan
Abstract: Mustansar Hussain Tarar is known as an important figure in Urdu literature and performed mentionable services in the field of column writing, novels and travelogues. In this article an analytical study of the "Mantiq Ul Tair Jadeed" has been made. In fact this is based upon the long poem of Khawaja Fareed Ud Din Attar with an addition of "Jadeed" (Modern). Tarar has pointed out relation of different social, cultural and religious issues of our society. This is sincere call for the development of human unity, natural love, patience and cooperation which are the major issues of our country. All these topics are highlighted in this writing.
Keyswords: Urdu Literature Performed, Travelogues, Analytica, Social Culture, Society
Pages: 203-209
Article: 18 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)18
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)18
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Pakistani Culture: In the Context of Urdu Language and Criticism

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Saif Ullah Khan
Abstract: In this article the subject of Pakistani culture and civilization is being discussed in the context of Urdu language and national exposure of Urdu criticism. This article presents introduction of traditional, historical and geographical perameters of Urdu language and criticism. Meanwhile, the origin of culture and its components in relation with literary heritage and evolutionary cycle of Urdu are also recounted by adding the thoughts of different sociolinguists and critics. As these are several issues of identity and origin for the survival of Urdu language so the different questions and logical arguments are also there to publicise the Urdu and its cultural relations with language. So here we have illuminated some of them with critical analysis.
Keyswords: Pakistani Culture, Criticism, National Language, Society, Mentafacts
Pages: 210-228
Article: 19 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)19
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)19
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Folk literature of "The Ravi" Magazine

Authors:
  1. Wasif Latif
  2. Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad Sulehri
Abstract: Folk songs are the songs of the common people which are being passed down from one generation to another. These songs are the common creative heritage of all people, rather than the work of a single author. There are different types of Punjabi folk songs which are available for every occasion from human birth to death. Folk songs are a reflection of civilization, culture, history and the essence of the wisdom of experienced people. Folk songs are found in every language, nation, tribe and region. Folk songs help to understand regional geography, people's thinking, moods, customs and psychology. In 1906, The Ravi Magazine was launched in English. The first vernacular language, Punjabi, was published in 1910 and a few folk songs were printed. The publication of Punjabi language literature in Grmukhi and Shahmukhi and folk literature continues to this day. This research paper presents a research and critical review of the folk literature that adorns the magazine Ravi.
Keyswords: Folk songs, Vernacular, Punjabi, Gurmukhi, Shahmukhi, English, The Ravi, Magazine
Pages: 229-245
Article: 20 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)20
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)20
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Paper No Title Use of Mosque as “Metaphor“ in Iqbal’s poetry

Authors:
  1. Dr. Fouzia Fiaz
  2. Dr. Mushtaq Adil
  3. Naeem Qaisar Alazhari
Abstract: 21 Abstract The role of mosques In Islam is not only the manifestation of worship but there are evidences of religious lenience, tolerance and interfaith harmony in it. In the past, as seminaries, mosques have contributed a lot to nouriting individuals. Iqbal is reknown poet who has specifically used mosques as metaphor in his work of poetry. In Iqbal’poetry, layers of meaning are hidden in his verses and these meanings have treasure of interpretation. This research figures out that how much the mosques are helpful to create interfaith harmony, social linence and tolerance in present chaotic age as well as in character building of society fellows? This study also highlights the pivot role of mosques according to the academic and theoretical analysis. On the other hand, It will also explain that why Iqbal has used mosque as “Metaphor’’ and through this what kind of message is delivered to Muslim Ummah.It will also explained the different meanings of mosques as “ Metaphor”in the Iqbal’work of poetry
Keyswords: Islam, Iqbal, Mosque, Metaphor
Pages: 246-257
Article: 21 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)21
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)21
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Shibli and Hali’s Crtical Thoughts

Authors:
  1. Shumaila Mukhtar
  2. Dr. Humaira Irshad
Abstract: Shibli and Hali both had shared same age and almost same conditions. Hali had seen all the ups and downs of war of freedom. He knew whatever was happened before and after that war of 1857. This war had affected more the Muslims. This nation already facing poor condition. They were become worse. And the political, economical educational and cultural structure would destroy for Muslims. In this condition hopelessness, inferiority complex had prevailed the Muslims. At that time there was no leader no protector. At last scholars decided to prepare their nation for practical for which poetry and literature were considered the best medium. During this Sir Sayed Ahmad Khan started his movement. Hali and Shibli had taken Sir Syed Ahmad Khan as a helmsman of the boat of Muslims. According to them only he could save the Muslims. According to them only he could save the Muslims. So, they both ha started to work in his movement they both had added a new life in a pessimistic body. For this purpose the put step on him ground of criticism. Haliand Shibli had kept his individuality and also worked with Sir Sayed Ahmed Khan till the end of his life. Sir Syed was also inspired by his opinions, ideas, personality and education and literal values. His co-operation was valuable for Sir Sayed Ahmad Khan for his movement. It is a reality that to make the movement of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan successful. Hali and Shibli had played on vital role.
Keyswords: War of 1857, Sir Syed Ahmad khan, Hali and Shibli critical thoughts, Role of Muslims 1857
Pages: 258-269
Article: 22 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)22
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)22
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Literary Chronicles of Dr. Tabasem Kashmiri and Dr. Saleem Akhtar and Dabestan Lucknow

Authors:
  1. Dr. Hina Kanwal
  2. Dr. Shabnam Niaz
Abstract: The history writing of Urdu literature is very important but is a very difficult task. Literary historian have adverted the history or Urdu literature in order to era-wise order cannot be fulfilled logically owing to movement’s genres and the area-wise division of its grading. That is why whenever we throw a glimpse over the literature history in Lucknow, we find many ambiguities in the scenario of genres, political and civilization manners which one of the best history of Urdu literature in the aspect of Lucknow school of thoughts. This answer is yet to be received Dr. Tabassum Kashmiri and Dr. Solemn Akhtar have presented the literary scenes of Lucknow in a very pretty way, but Dr. Tabassum Kashmiri has debited his views very impressively rather than others writhers.
Keyswords: History, Urdu Literature, Important, Historian, Movements, Glimpse, Lucknow, Political
Pages: 270-282
Article: 23 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)23
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)23
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The Mystical echoed of Love in Urdu Ghazal

Authors:
  1. Dr. Shazia Razzaq
  2. Dr. Arooba Siddiqui
Abstract: Mysticism is the doctrine of the Sufi saints and writer's methodology. Therefore, there is a link between literature and mysticism which helps to resolve the problems of life. Thoughts and teachings of Sufi saints and literature as source of expression of these thoughts can be uniformly viewed as becoming a subject of literature. Thought of Sufi extracts written with reference of Sufism become a source to promote the formation of peace and mutual understanding. The purpose of this exercise is to create ease for human beings by making love the base of life and to build such a world where there is no existence of racism, hatred and malice. This concept became a subject of writing for Urdu poets. Subject of my dialogue is to transpire the message of peace and respect for humanity in Urdu Ghazal by way of concepts of Sufi writings. Even a poet declares this passion to be a cure of individual and collective restlessness and discloses the need and significance of this in his poetry. This is the concept where Rumi and Iqbal became accordant of one another, the elements of this voice can be heard in the work of Bahu, Bulle shah and Bhagat Kabir. In accordance with the ultimate expansion of Urdu poetry my writings have been limited to merely Urdu Ghazal, however, in this article there is a complete and justified expression of the concept of love for humanity in classic and modern Urdu Ghazal.
Keyswords: Mystic, Echoed, Love, Urdu Ghazal, Society, Soul, Humanity
Pages: 283-296
Article: 24 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)24
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)24
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The role of Special Numbers of "Naqoosh" in the Promotion of Iqbaliat

Authors:
  1. Rukhsana Parveen
  2. Dr. Aqeela Bashir
Abstract: From the last days of Allama Iqbal's life till now numerous litrary journals have published Iqbal Numbers. Each of jounals in its own way played a pivotal role in the development to understand the thoughts of Iqbal. By the amount of material which littrary magazines provided on Allama Iqbal, many rare books may come to the light. These magazines clarified different aspects of Iqbal's thought and vision in theri special numbers. It is because of the univque creativity of these critics and editors that all the journals and managzines do their best offer in Iqbaliat but "Naqoosh" got the basic status of Iqbal issues published in all these journals. Its just due to Muhammad tufail, who published three issues in a row with great dedication, with the addition of Narang-e-Khayal. The rare information and articles published in these issues which have become an historical document that will continue to serve as a guide for future researchers.
Keyswords: Allama Iqbal, Litrary Journals, Naqoosh, Narang-e-Khayal, Muhammad Tufail, Researchers, Articles, Document
Pages: 297-312
Article: 25 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)25
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)25
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A critical review of Qurrat-ul-ain Hyder’s translation “The destiny of Man” in the light of the principles of Translation

Authors:
  1. Dr. Sumera Bashir
  2. Shama Aqil
Abstract: The tradition of translation in Urdu language can be seen in from its inception and translation has played an important role in the development of Urdu language. In this article the research Scholars have reviewed the translation of Qurratulain Hyder “Fate of a Man” as Aadmi ka Muqaddar (1965) in the light of the principl.es of Translation, keeping in view, the tradition of Russian translation in Urdu. The Subject of this Article is limited to the Translation of Qurrat-ul-ain Hyder because. The “less attention been paid to its translation than other works of Qurratu ul ain. It also examines the style of Translation of the Qurrat ul ain Hyder in the light of quotations from “Fate of Man”.
Keyswords: Qurrat ul ain Hyder, Novel, Principles of Translation, Admi ka Muqaddar, Tradation of translation
Pages: 313-327
Article: 26 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)26
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)26
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Kashmir in the Fiction of Karishan Chandar

Authors:
  1. Dr. Muhammad Yousaf Mir
  2. Ayesha Yousaf
  3. Aqib Shahzad Qureshi
Abstract: The present study is an effort to explore the contributions of Krishan Chander about Kashmir. In his literary masterpieces, the great fictional writer of Urdu Literature saw Kashmir as a “human paradise “The study employs qualitative research method involving extensive reading of fictional works and personal observation. The paper throws light on literary journey of writer that represents a valuable accomplishment in the world of literature.
Keyswords: Human, paradise, Qualitative, Extensive, Accomplishment
Pages: 328-335
Article: 27 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)27
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)27
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Urdu Ki Chand Ehim Mazmoon Nigar Khawateen Ma Qabal 1930

Authors:
  1. Dr. Farzana Iqbal
  2. Dr. Nadeem Hassan
Abstract: The history of Urdu essay is very rich. To promote this genre the efforts of Molvi Zakaullah, Master Raam chandar, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Husain Azad, Sheikh Abdul Qadir, Abul kalaam Azad, Abdul Majid Darya Abadi, Sajjad Ansari, Falak Paima, Majnoon Gorakpuri, Firaq Gorukpoori and many others could not be ignored in this regard .The female writers also wrote dozens of Urdu essays for the betterment and improvement of the social status of women. In this research paper the researchers has shed light on the efforts and contributions of women writers i.e Tayyiba Begum, Khajesta Akhtar Soheravordi, Khajest Sultana Begum, Rabia Begum, Paadshah Begum Sufi, Latif Un Nisa Begum, Qaisari Begum, Ummat ul Hameed Khanum, Ummat ul wahi, Ummat Ul karim and Ummat ul Aziz Begum for the promotion of Urdu essay.
Keyswords: Urdu essay, history, women essayist, introduction, contributions, Magzines, research, criticism
Pages: 336-348
Article: 28 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)28
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)28
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Symbolism in Amed Javed Short Stories: A Critical Study

Authors:
  1. Haroon ur Rashid
  2. Dr. Muhammad Rehman
  3. Dr. Nazar Abid
Abstract: Ahmed Javed has a significant place in the Urdu Fiction. He started fiction writing in the 1970’s. His writing’s gave dignity to Urdu fiction. This was the time when Pakistan was dismembered. The period of time that followed, saw negative effects on social and political values of our society. Ahmed Javed wrote in an environment of oppression and suffocation and accentuated the public sentiments in his writings. He depicted in his fiction the symbolic characters of Animals like wolf, dove, cat, mouse etc and through them symbolized the public sentiments. His impact will last for a long time in Urdu Fiction writing.This article focuses on that aspects of Ahmed Javed’s Fiction.
Keyswords: Ahmed Javed, Symbolism, Short Story, Urdu Fiction, 1070, Nawazish Ali
Pages: 349-357
Article: 29 , Volume 2 , Issue 2
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)29
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2021(2-II)29
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