ISSN(Print): 2709-9636 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-9644 | ISSN-L : 2709-9636

(2020) Volume 1, Issue 3

The Role of “Naqoosh” in the Development of Urdu Literature

Authors:
  1. Dr. Muhammad Afzal Butt
  2. Rubina Zaidi
Abstract: Monthly “Naqoosh” was a trend setter Urdu magazine started by Muhammad Tufail in March 1948. It published creative works along with critical writings. It flourished a particular trend of publishing numerous “Khas Numbers”. These khas numbers have the worth of Encyclopedias. The role played by this magazine for the development of Urdu literature and research during its third period is worth mentioning in golden words in the history of Urdu literature
Keyswords: Trend, Urdu magazine, Creative, Critical, Particular, Encyclopedia, Literature
Pages: 1-34
Article: 1 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)1
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)1
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Features of Urdu Script: An Overview

Authors:
  1. Mr Haroon
  2. Dr. Muhammad Arshad Ovaisi
Abstract: Different kinds of writing scripts are being used in the world to represent Different languages. These scripts have deep emotional, cultural and conventional relations with their societies and languages. The validity, usefulness, smartness and effectiveness have been judged by different techniques, methods and aesthetical aspects. Urdu script is known as one of artistic miracles. That has marvellous charm, attraction and wondrous structure. Urdu script has obtained the highest and glorious peak of fame, expansion and reliability. In this research article an effort has been made to express aesthetical charm, scope and benefits of Urdu script (Jameel Noori Nastaleeq).
Keyswords: Kinds, Writing, Scripts, Languages, Emotional, Cultural, Conventional, Relations, Societies, Artistic
Pages: 35-44
Article: 2 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)2
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)2
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Urdu Tazkira ---- Research and Criticism

Authors:
  1. Dr. Anila Saleem
  2. Dr. Shagufta Firdous
Abstract: Tazkirah is one of the most significant and inattentive genre of Urdu literature.these tazkaray reflects the poetic situation of respective Eras (periods) effectively. Structure of different genres like criticism, biography, history and reseach is mainly based on Tazkirahs. Initially Tazkirahs of Urdu poets were written in Persian. It can also be estimated by their number that help can be sought in connection with the conditions of the old poets and their poetry and such examples are there in our literary research asset. Research and criticism on this genre of literarture is also important.so, in this article effort has been made to collect all those books, prefaces and research articles which are related to this topic. As research and criricism on Tazkirahs is also a considerable aspect of literature Under consideration thesis identifiesthe currently available material according to year of publication for prominenting the dimention of work done on Tazkirahs.
Keyswords: Tazkirah, Garsen Detasi, Abdul Haque, Ansar Ullah, Nikaatush shuara, Kaleem ud Din Ahmed, springer, Makhzan.e.nikaat
Pages: 45-62
Article: 3 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)3
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)3
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Literature and Esthetics values

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Khurram
  2. Saher Mobeen
Abstract: It is necessary for Literature to have great thoughts and excellent literary style; because of this, the idea of literature for literature is also put forth along with the topic of literature for life. According to this notion it is important to have esthetic values in literature. In the viewpoint of some experts, the true purpose of literature is in the beauty of creativity. The supporters of this viewpoint judge literature on the basis of creativity and the ability to use words. According to people holding this viewpoint, literature should have features that enhance the literary beauty and the uniqueness of any work. But, in this perspective the only purpose of literature would be the pleasure in connection of words and the importance of literature will only lie merely in the beauty of sentences. On the contrary, the truth is that literature for life and literature for literature, both are important for a highly appreciable piece of art. Therefore, any poetic verse or literary work is not complete unless it satisfies the conditions of both, life and artistic style.
Keyswords: Literature. Great thoughts. Literary style. Esthetic values. Beauty of creativity. Literature for life. Literature for literature. Piece of art
Pages: 63-70
Article: 4 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)4
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)4
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“ Kai Chand they Sar-e-Asman” Historical and Poetic Characters

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Shahbaz
  2. Mujahid Hussain
Abstract: Shamsur Rehman Farooqi's novel "Kai Chand They Sar-e-Asman" is ranked as one of the seminal works of the first decade of the twenty first century. In this work, Farooqi has in the wake of countours of Indo-Islamic civilization has brought out through some very living and thriving historical and literary characters. The researcher has through analytical lens brought out the exquisite way Farooqi has crafted the historical and literary characters of his novel
Keyswords: Farooqi, Novel, Indo Islamic Civilization, Historical Characters, Poetic Characters
Pages: 71- 86
Article: 5 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)5
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)5
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Urdu Literature is a Clear Reflection of Muslim Culture

Authors:
  1. Dr. Asma Rani
  2. Muhammad Abrar Siddiqui
Abstract: From the beginning of Urdu language and literature to the present day of its development and rise, Muslims have always nurtured it. It is the manifestation of the mental and intellectual endeavors of the Muslim. The cultural aspect of Urdu language and literature is very bright and radiant. Due to which a nation is considered to be more cheerful humorous, civilized, polite and mentally elevated than other nations. This include the fine art i.e. literature, poetry, painting music and other occupations that human beings help to evoke and refine the sublet and beautiful taste of Urdu. It is a matter of pride that Urdu language and literature possesses on extra ordinary culture heritage. Undoubtedly, there is a valuable treasure of culture intellectual and creative excellence in Urdu literature. In this article, we will review these creations
Keyswords: Urdu literature, culture and Muslim culture, novel, short story, poetry
Pages: 87-98
Article: 6 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)6
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)6
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Modern and post-modern (colonial / post-colonial) resistance Urdu poetry

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Aman Ullah Khan
  2. Dr. Naheed Qamar
Abstract: Colonialism is strictly referred to the policies and Methods by an Imperial Power maintained and extended its control over the territories or People. A policy of extending a Country’s Power and influence through diplomacy or military. It also affects the literature of the Subject Country which is controlled by the colonialist. This Article Present an analysis of Colonial system and its impact on Urdu Poem.
Keyswords: Revolutionary Struggle, Cultural and Literary identity, Sir Sayyad, Azad, Hali, Post-Colonial, Reaction, Anjuman Punjab
Pages: 99-112
Article: 7 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)7
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)7
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Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi - Poet of love and Peace

Authors:
  1. Dr. Shagufta Firdous
Abstract: Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi is 20th century’s eminent, distinguished Urdu poet. His intellectual approach towards life and human relationship is very appreciated able. Through his poetic message he tried to promote message of love and conducive environment for peace. He considered the sorrows of others as his own. He was witness of world war and migration, so his poetry emerged as a representative of love and peace. He conveyed the message of tolerance and human dignity to bring peace and stability to the world. This article is overview of different aspects of love and peace in his poetry.
Keyswords: Distinguished, Human Relationship, Love, Peace Tolerance, Human Dignity
Pages: 113-124
Article: 8 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)8
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)8
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Comparison of Shelly and Faiz with respect to their Revolutionary Poetry

Authors:
  1. Dr. Nazia Younis
Abstract: Both Shelley and Faiz were geniuses of their own times. They were not contemporaries they surved so because of the similarities of their ideas, there is a bit scope of writing from multidimentional angles on his poetry but my focus is on the revolutionary aspects of their poetry. Their poetry was a source of inspiration for the ones who suffered greatly due to existing sociopolitical conditions which was result of a protract war in Engliand and an era of dictatorship in Pakistan. Both poets composed poetry to arouse the feelings of the down-trodden of the society and both have widespread appeal
Keyswords: Revolutionary poetery, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Shelley, Struggle, Contributions, Power-Politics, Descrimination, Civil and human rights
Pages: 125-131
Article: 9 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)9
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)9
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Urdu-Turkish linguistic and literary collaborations

Authors:
  1. Dr. Shaista Hameed Khan
  2. Dr. Rehana Kausar
  3. Dr. Safeer Haider
Abstract: People who speak and understand Urdu language live in every part of the world. Beside this, Urdu language teaching is continuing in different countries of the world. There is a common tendency for reading, writing and learning Urdu in Turkey and the other countries of the world. Turkish universities have proper departments of Urdu. Linguistically, many commonalities are found in Urdu and Turkish language which has several reasons. In this article the common linguistic properties in Urdu and Turkish language have been proven according to syntax. Apart from this, this article also has a brief discussion about the literary, civilization and central relationship in the languages of these two countries.
Keyswords: Urdu, Turkey, Turkish, Language, Linguistic, Literature, Literary, Collaboration, civilization
Pages: 132-145
Article: 10 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)10
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)10
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The Invasion of Sikandar e Azam on Punjab in folk literature

Authors:
  1. Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad Sulehri
  2. Wasif Latif
Abstract: In this article the invasion of Sikander e Azam on Punjab has been described. He had attacked on Punjab in 326 BC. Raja Umbhi of Taxila accepted his obedience and invited to attack his enemy Raja Porus. Raja Porus defeated Alexander the Great. The battle between Raja Porus and Alexander continued. When Raja Porus tried to spear Alexander, his eyes fell on the Ganna tied on his hand. And he remembered his promise to his sister Noshaba, that he would not kill his sister's boyfriend. In order to keep his promise, he leaves Alexander and does not care about his own life. Then, when he is wounded and presented to the court as a prisoner by Alexander's soldiers, Alexander asks the king what to do with him. King Porus bravely responds that I should be treated as one King treats another King. Alexander was impressed by King Porus's answer and seeing his bravery, returns his kingdom to him and goes back.
Keyswords: Sikander e Azam, Raja Porus, Punjab, invasion, 326 BC, Raja Umbhi, Taxila, Noshaba, kingdom
Pages: 146-152
Article: 11 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)11
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)11
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Iqbal’s ideology of “Ijtihad” and establishing an Islamic welfare state

Authors:
  1. Dr. Shabnam Niaz
  2. Dr. Hina Kanwal
Abstract: Dr. Iqbal was a poet with a far reaching vision and deep insight whose thinking enlightened the man of different times of the states of humanity. All his teachings are focused on elevating humanity and establishing on Islamic state. He kept a watchful eye on the exploitation of the Muslim Ummah and ever increasing infiltration attempts of westerns imperialism. He wishes to come up with an action plan that would free Muslims of all the peachicaments that they were concocting at the time. He always dreams of establishing an Islamic state for the renaissance of Islamic glory. For this reason he was use the world millat frequently in his poetry. He has been a great advocate of “Ijtihad” for establishing a strong Islamic state in the present time. For this reason he looks for the solution of religious, economiceal, political and social issues in Ijtihad. In this article the possibility of establishing and Islamic welfare state will be in the light of Iqbal’s ideology of Ijtihad
Keyswords: Far reaching vision, Deep insight, Enlightened, Elevating humanity, Exploitation, Imperialism, Infiltration, Glory, Frequently Advocate
Pages: 153-162
Article: 12 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)12
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)12
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Iqbal and the Freedom Movement: A Research Study (Special article with reference to Indian Iqbal Scholar Syed Muzafar Hussain Burni

Authors:
  1. Dr. Muhammad Amir Iqbal
  2. Dr. Mushtaq Adil
Abstract: Muzaffar Hussain Burni was a well-known name in Iqbal Studies in India. He has held many high government positions. His services to Iqbal Studies are invaluable. He is the founder of Iqbal Academy (India) Delhi. This article will cover aspects of Mr. Burni's intellectual and political insights. He has also shed light on the personalities of Iqbal and Gandhiji. The great tragedy of Jallianwala Bagh was the subject. The political situation of this period is also part of this article. Mr. Burni described Iqbal's ideas. The center of Iqbal's thinking was unity. The book published on these topics is a witness to Mr. Burni's scholarly thinking. He arranged Iqbal's letters in chronological order and preserved them in four volumes. His knowledge of Iqbal opens up new avenues for research.
Keyswords: Iqbal and national unity in the light of Burni's Iqbal studies
Pages: 163-175
Article: 13 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)13
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/makhz.2020(1-III)13
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