ISSN(Print): 2709-9636 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-9644 | ISSN-L : 2709-9636

(2020) Volume 1, Issue 1

Technical trends in Nazir Ahmad's novels

  1. Alla Yar Saqib
    PhD Urdu Scholar, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore
  2. Dr. Mushtaq Adil
    Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu, University of Sialkot
Abstract: Technique is a bone of a fiction. It may be in form, stylish or any theory or thoughts. Narrative, allegory, dramatic, epistolary, lecture and soliloquy etc. are commonly used in fiction. Nazir Ahmad is the first novelist of Urdu language. There is no specific sample of techniques in Urdu before him but he tried to best explain his thought to his reader. In this article those techniques are discussed which are used in Nazir Ahmad’s novels.
Keyswords: Stylish, allegory, epistolary, soliloquy, playfulness, ethical behavior, technique
Pages: 01-12
Article: 1 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)1
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Terrorism in Modern Urdu Poetry

  1. Dr. Irfan Pasha
    Lecturer, Urdu Department, University of Education, Faisalabad Campus
  2. Dr. Muhammad Amjad Abid
    Lecturer, Urdu Department, University of Education, Lower Mal Campus, Lahore
Abstract: Terrorism is the most influencing factor not only in our social set up but an important literary theme as well world over. Urdu literature is also much to do with the contemporary human problems. With the stat of the 20th century a wave of terrorism is spread round the globe. Pakistan is badly affected by this catastrophe. Urdu poets have depicted this matter to a large extent in modern poetry of the new millennium. This article deals with the presentation of terrorism in Urdu poetry by our intellectuals and poets of new thoughts. They feel themselves the part and parcel of the world intelligentsia and fully condemn the phenomenon of terrorism.
Keyswords: Terrorism, Influencing, Social, Literary, globe, Poetry
Pages: 13-23
Article: 2 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)2
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Prof. Muhammad Younis Hasrat in the Mirror of Humorous Poetry

  1. Muhammad Maqsood Hussain Shad
  2. Dr. Zafar Hussain Haral
    Assistant Professor, Urdu Department, Govt College University, Faisalabad
Abstract: Prof. Muhammad Younas Hasrat was a dramatist, translator, indexer, researcher, editor, the writer of the children books and poet. He not only created literature for children but also wrote humorous poetry for adults. He highlighted the problems of the people of different classes in his poetry. He has tried to reform our society by exposing its excesses. When he writes about immortality such as mother-in-law and daughter-in-law, marital problems, problems in marital life, lots of demands from wife, and debt for unnecessary marriage rituals and customs etc., satire and humorous words are created. This article is an analysis of Muhammad Younas Harat humorous poetry characteristic.
Keyswords: Humorous Poetry, Highlighted the Problems, Exposing, Excesses, Immortality
Pages: 24-34
Article: 3 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)3
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Certificate research and editing

  1. Dr. Rukhsana Baloch
    Assistant Professor, Urdu Department, Govt College Women University, Faisalabad
  2. Dr. Muhammad Afzal Butt
    Chairman, Department of Urdu, Govt. College Women University, Sialkot
Abstract: This article is an effort to highlight the need and significance of Urdu compilation in certification research. Ninety percent of certification research currently revolves around fiction. Eight-hundred-year-old poetry is currently beyond our research. Part of the compilation of classical texts, in particular, is equal to nothing. There is a need to improve the quality of certification research.
Keyswords: Signigicance, Compilation, Certification, Research
Pages: 35-44
Article: 4 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)4
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Some Examples of Fictitious Letters in Urdu

  1. Dr. Khalid Nadeem
    Head of Urdu Department and Eastern Languages, Sargodha University, Sargodha
Abstract: Some authors have written fictitious letters to express their views, in which there is no reply to any letter, but the author writes an article. These articles can be serious critical writings, propaganda of ideas, impressionistic level literary writings and essays. Since these letters are not intended to be sent to anyone, but are intended to be used as a raw material for their intended authorship, they can be termed as fictitious letters. Such writings are addressed at the beginning and closed with the name of author to form it a letter. Fake Urdu correspondents include M. Aslam, Abul Kalam Azad, Majnoon Gorakhpuri, Dr. Muhammad Baqir, Muhammad Younis, Manto and Kishore Naheed.
Keyswords: Fictitious letter, M. Aslam, Abul Kalam Azad, Majnoon Gorakhpuri, Dr. Muhammad Baqir, Muhammad Younis, Manto, Kishore Naheed
Pages: 45-62
Article: 5 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)5
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Iqbal’s Concept of Oneness of God

  1. Humera Khalid
    Ph. D Scholar, Iqbaliat department Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad
  2. Dr. Shahid Iqbal Kamran
    Ex Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad
Abstract: In Islam, the oneness of God is referred to as "Tawhid". Tawhid has been a vital force throughout history, but nowadays it has been reduced to merely a theological topic. Allama Iqbal, a renowned poet, political activist, and religious philosopher, still holds significant influence with his thoughts. As a religious thinker, he extensively discussed the concept of Tawhid in his poetry and prose, providing a concise explanation. This article aims to explore and define the ideas and premises presented by Iqbal regarding this concept. The study's findings reveal that Iqbal's concept of Tawhid is not only a fundamental tenet of Islam but also essential for human beings and the world at large. Allama Iqbal's approaches and concepts on this topic differ significantly from those of other poets, philosophers, and intellectuals, which are elaborated in this article.
Keyswords: Tawhid, Allama Iqbal, Oneness of God, Islam, Religious Philosophy, Poetry
Pages: 63-78
Article: 6 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)6
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Psychological Conflict of Mirza Saeed’s Characters (In the Perspective of West

  1. Dr. Irshad Begum
    Senior Instructor, Department of Urdu, NUML, Islamabad
Abstract: Mirza Saeed is great Urdu novelist. His novels have great influence of western novels and culture. His First novel "Khawab e Hasti" in 1905 and second novel "Yasmin" was published in 1908. His second novel is very important in Urdu literature with respect to evolution in Urdu novel. It is first psychological novel in Urdu literature. There are many psychological conflicts in characters of his novels. West is a place of dreams for Eastern countries. Many people have ambition to go to West. Mirza Saeed's novels put light about these psychological conflicts. Like his contemporaries he also thinks that education is the only solution of Muslims conflicts and problems. He knew that Muslims hearts are empty with faith and beliefs. He thinks that westernization is the reasons which have made many problems for Muslims. There is a detail study about the psychological conflicts for western countries in this paper. Usman and Yasmin have great affection for western civilization. Although they live in the East but the West is dominant on their thinking. Both the characters rebel from their traditions and culture. They never think about the customs and norms of the existing society. They try to adopt western tradition by living in the east. This cultural conflict has been discussed in this paper.
Keyswords: Mirza Saeed, Psychological Conflicts, Urdu novels, Muslim people, Prostitute
Pages: 79-88
Article: 7 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)7
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Role of Women in Contemporary Resistance Poetry

  1. Dr. Shagufta Firdous
    Assistant Professor /Director Student Affairs, GC Women University, Sialkot
Abstract: Twentieth century is considered as an era of revolutions not only in subcontinent but all over the world, in which resistance against imperialist colonial powers intensified. The Effects of this resistance can be seen in Urdu literature. Some poetesses also played key role in the creation of resistance literature.In this perspective the most prominent Pakistani poetesses are Kishwar Naheed, Fehmida Riaz, Parveen Shakir, Noshi Gilani and Mansura Ahmed. Social oppression, economic exploitation, political subjugation and shackles are the main reasons for the emergence of resistance behavior in individuals of a nation or society. The progressive movement also fostered resistance poetry against the colonial powers on a global scale. Feminists also raised their voice for the protection of women's rights and social restrictions also emerged as a form of resistance literature. This article covers role of women in contemporary resistance poetry and their poetic expressions.
Keyswords: Contemporary, resistance, poetry, imperialist, colonial powers, feminism, women's rights
Pages: 89-102
Article: 8 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)8
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Iqbal's concept of "Creating a New Time in the New Morning and Evening" A Detailed Review

  1. Dr. Sabina Awais
    Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu, GC Women University, Sialkot
Abstract: Iqbal's whole poetry carries a message generally for all, especially for young generation. The poem, "Javaid Nama" was an inspirational piece of work written by Allama. This poem portrays a guiding principle for Muslim young genderation. In this poem, he not only addressed his son but also manuered to impart his ideology in young leaders. Iqbal was very optimistic about young world. He thought youg mind could create a "new World" by manipulating their abilities positively. Iqbal's Motto revolves around bringing revolution through character by following the teaching of Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H). World's darkness can only be wiped out by adopting Islam in its true spirit, undoubtedly. Iqbal's poetry is a true manifesto for Muslim nation.
Keyswords: Alla Iqbal, Young Generation, Ideology, Optimistic, Young Mind, Abilities, Positivity, Revolution, True Spirit, Muslim Nation, True Manifesto
Pages: 103-116
Article: 9 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)9
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Analytical study of important Iqbal numbers in the tradition of Iqbalism

  1. Muhammad Shoukat Ali
    Ph.D Scholar, Department of Urdu, Lahore Garisson University, Lahore
  2. Javed Iqbal
    Lecturer, Department of Urdu, Leads University, Lahore
  3. Dr. Irfan Tauheed
    Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu, Leads University, Lahore
Abstract: This article presents an analytical study of important journals on Iqbal. The magazine which published Iqbal number in the life of Allama Iqbal is called “Nerang-e- Khayal”. This magazine has a priority in publishing Iqbal number. This article identifies the magazines that published Iqbal number before the establishment of Pakistan. Notable among these magazines are “Nerang-e-Khayal”, “Johar” and “Tolo-e-Islam”. These journals have played a pivotal role in advancing the tradition of fiqr-e-Iqbal. The work of important magazines after the establishment of Pakistan has also been highlighted here. These magazines expanded Iqbal’s understanding and furthered the tradition of Iqbalism. Here is a research and critical review of Pakistan’s famous magazines. The study of these journals not only reveals Iqbalism but also the interest of Iqbalists. These magazines have not only highlighted Iqbal’s understanding in Pakistan but also raised Iqbal’s international fame. By reading this article, the general reader can easily get acquainted with the role of Iqbal’s magazines.
Keyswords: Magazines, Iqbal number, Iqbalism, Research, Acquainted, Critical review, International Fame
Pages: 117-132
Article: 10 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)10
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An aesthetic Perspective of "Ishq Bakhair"

  1. Dr. Nazia Younas
    Assistant Professor, Urdu Department, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
Abstract: "Ishq bakhair" is a collection of beautiful poems by Rehman Faris, a well known contemporary poet. This book explores subtle details of the aesthetics of art, love, beauty, natural landscapes and feminine beauty. Poem after poem, verse after verse, Rehman Faris sahres his adoration for passionate love, a love that has the magical power to germinate its seeds even into the barren and bleak heart and turn them into a tall, tenacious tree. This tree of love and devotion is an eternal abode of peace and solace for dejected paramours and forlorn lovers. Rehman Faris depicts intricate yet subtle details of beauty in such a charming way that it reflects diverse yet meticulous aspects of nature. In these poems detailed aesthetics of nature not only satiates an avid reader but an enthusiastic appreciation of beauty, a fanciful imagination and a passionate zeal work hand in hand to promote art in its finest form. The poet has succesfully drawn an aesthetic perspective of beauty with such a skill that it keeps readers glued to the book for long.
Keyswords: Ishq Bakhair, Aesthetic, Love, Art, Nature, Beauty, Universe, Sens
Pages: 133-141
Article: 11 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)11
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Thematic Collaboration of Ghulam Abbas and Chekhov

  1. Dr. Shaista Hameed Khan
    Assistant Professor, GC University, Lahore
  2. Dr. Rehana Kausar
    Associate Professor, Lahore Collage for women University, Lahore
  3. Majid Mushtaq
    Lecturer, GC University, Faisalabad
Abstract: Ghulam Abbas and Chekhov both are the credible names in the world of literature. Both of them wrote lot of famous and fantastic short stories to promote the literature of their era. The main subject of Ghulam Abbas short stories is taken from the surrounding and his style of writing is very simple and clear to everyone. On the other side Chekhov has also same topics. Their main concern and subject of short stories is to write for the lives of human beings. After comparing Ghulam Abbas and Chekhov's writings we have to know that being different places they have lot of similarities in their visions, topics and artistic writings even one is from Russia and other is from Subcontinent. Whatever they write is full of the taste of art and provide or convey it to the fragrance of art. This research article deals with the comparison of both legendry writers.
Keyswords: Ghulam Abbas, Chekhov, short stories, Russia, Subcontinent, legendry writers
Pages: 142-151
Article: 12 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)12
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Masood Ashar as Translator

  1. Dr. Mamuna Subhani
    Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu, Government College University Faisalabad
Abstract: Translation is an important type of literature that connects the world with one another through the exchange of ideas, knowledge, and wisdom. Masood Asher belongs to an Urdu literature community that gave priority to translation over other kinds of literature. In addition to being a translator, he is also a novelist and journalist. Masood Asher was an active journalist in the Zia-ul-Haq era. As a journalist, he faced difficulties but wrote short stories to convey his message. So his writings also describe his relationship with society. He studied several books in English and transferred their ideas to our language while also maintaining our cultural diversity. This article will discuss his translation skills, analyzing his selection of topics, and the transfer of literature from other writers
Keyswords: Literature, Culture, Translation, Enhancing language, Recognition
Pages: 152-161
Article: 13 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)13
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Urdu Ki Parda Nasheen Mazmoon Nigar Khawateen (Ma Qabal 1930) Afsanay Say Haqeeqat Tak … Aik Tehqeeqi Jaeza

  1. Dr. Farzana Iqbal
    Lecturer, Govt Degree College Abbotabad
  2. Dr. Nadeem Hassan
    Assistant professor, Department of Urdu, University of Chitral
Abstract: Due to social compulsions the women essayists published their essays using fictitious names. These women essay writers are known as Parda Nasheen in the history of Urdu essay .In this research paper the researchers has analyzed the contributions of these women essay writers, their social compulsions, and their efforts for the publications of their creations. The researchers have shed light on their original names and family background as well.
Keyswords: Urdu Essay, women writers, fictitious names, Magzines, actual names, social problems, efforts
Pages: 162-175
Article: 14 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)14
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’Raigg-e-Derooz’: The Aesthetic Exploration of Rashid's Perception of the Past

  1. Dr. Muhammad Asif
    Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu, B.Z.U Multan
  2. Muhammad Ashraf
    Lecturer Urdu, Govt. Emerson College Multan
Abstract: This article explores Rashid's concept of the past by considering the aesthetic and artistic charm of his poemریگِ دیروز. Rashid is of the view that the past is the symbol of barrenness and nothingness. According to Rashid, the past is overwhelmed by destruction, backwardness, cruelty, ignorance, dictatorship, primitive concept of life. He postulates that the past has nothing to do with our future problems. People who feel nostalgic about the past become a victim of sluggishness. However, he utilises old Persian, Arabic and oriental literature for his creative expression. But he shows no affinity with with the metaphors of the past. Rather, his use of the imagery about the past has a peculiar objective of rejecting the spirit of the past. This reaction against the past is the core and crux of his poetry and it is also reflected in this poem.
Keyswords: Raigg-e-Derooz, Concept of Past, Symbol, Nostalgia, Creative Expression, Emotional Relationship
Pages: 176-183
Article: 15 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2020(1-I)15
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