ISSN(Print): 2709-9636 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-9644 | ISSN-L : 2709-9636


Ideology in the critique of Fateh Muhammad Malik


  1. Imran Azam Raza
    Scholar Ph.D Urdu , Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
  2. Dr. Tabassum Kashmiri
    Assistant Director Police , Regional Police Office, Gujranwala Cantt, Lahore


Professor Fateh Muhammad Malik (Born 18 June 1936) a renowned Pakistani Scholar of Urdu Language and literature. His literary contributions towards various branches of Urdu Literature have been acknowledged by prominent critics and literary circles. His attachment with the manifesto of Islamic theories, Pakistan and Muslim Nation Urdu writer, declare him a noted critic and scholar of Urdu literature. He developed his own peculiar style of his literary writings, which distinguished him from his contemporaries. In his literary works, he deals with the present-day subjects of his times. Malik passionately wrote and spoke about the Urdu language, the relevance of Pakistan’s ideology and Iqbal’s rediscovery of Islam for our times. They serve as his reference marks for judging all literature, and Malik is considered an authority on these subjects. A recipient of the highest civilian award, the Sitara-e-Imtiaz, he has written works that have appeared in prominent literary magazines and he has authored famous books such as Ta’asubaat(Prejudices), Tehseen-o-Tardeed (Praise and Denial) and Andaaz-e-Nazar (Perspective). He served for a long time at different renowned educational institutions and deliverd lectures in different countries. Most importantly, he stands out from his peers for championing the notion that all literature has to subscribe to an ideology — a moot point for many who oppose his views on literature. His style of critique is rather distinctive: he quotes long passages from the literary piece in question to help the readers understand the work and the writer rather than promoting himself. His foremost consideration while judging a work is whether it contributes to society. A self-confessed progressive, Malik’s staunch views on Pakistan’s ideology may hint otherwise: he asserts that Pakistan’s existence and progress hinges on Iqbal’s thought, which serves as a protective wall for the Subcontinent’s Muslims. However his towering legacy in the field of literary criticism is undeniably his biggest contribution.


Manifesto, Islamic theories, Nation, Islam, Critic, Sitara-e-imtiaz, Prejudices, Iqbal, Peers, Idealogy, Progressive, legacy


Article # 17
Volume # 2
Issue # 4

DOI info

DOI Number: 10.47205/makhz.2021(2-IV)17
DOI Link:


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